The pepper is native to Mexico, Bolivia and Peru. They arrived in Spain in 1493, after the first voyage of Christopher Columbus to America. Native Americans were called chili, but the Spanish and Portuguese called them peppers or pimentos of Brazil. From the sixteenth century began to grow in Spain and from there went to Italy and from Italy arrived in France. The Portuguese took care of them reach the rest of Europe and the rest of the world. But the larger varieties, fleshy sweet or spicy, which currently consume, began to be cultivated from the twentieth century. The Pepper belongs to the Solanaceae family, the genus of Capsicum, of which there are 2,300 species, they also belong to the tomato and eggplant.