The artichoke has Arab origins. The artichoke is native to the Mediterranean coast, probably from Sicily or Egypt or the Canary Islands. According to mythology, says that the god Jupiter fell in love with Cynara a blonde girl (blond) gorgeous, and he refused to annoy decided to become Cynara scolymus: in artichoke. Ground that the Romans and Greeks and consumed, but thanks to Mediccis Catherine, whom he loved, that during the Middle Ages and introduced in the Italian court. Despite the belief that the artichoke was an aphrodisiac and was not good to consume, she continued to do so and had medical Alcachofalos accept it. Back then it was expensive and was considered rich food. In America, the artichoke was introduced by the French in Louisiana and by the Spanish in California. Also extended to Chile and in Argentina Pampa. Artichokes are in the family Asteraceae or Compositae and the genus of Cynara. They need a warm climate and is a plant of the season (biennial and triennial). You can reach a length of 1-1.5 mts. in height. It grows on land: calcareous, rich, neutral, deep and warm.